Constructivist architecture

The USSR is considered the birthplace of constructivism. This trend, which emerged after the October Revolution, continued until the first half of the 1930s. Subsequently, he influenced the architecture and applied arts of a number of other countries, mainly Germany and the Netherlands.

The characteristic features of this style are: simplicity, clarity, functionality, accessibility, conciseness of forms, economy and solidity. In this style, far from showiness and luxury, general equality is maintained, the purposefulness of the structure or design is emphasized. Unnecessary walls are discarded, sliding partitions are used instead, rooms are connected into a common space.

Basic geometric shapes: square, circle, triangle. Wavy lines, decorations and ornaments are not used.

Main materials: stone, metal, plastic and wood.

Basic colors: gray, white, black and brown.

The first examples are the "Crystal Palace", built for the International Exhibition in London in 1852, the Eiffel Tower, built for the World Exhibition in Paris in 1889.
By the way, Baku is one of the few centers of constructivist architecture in the world. Baku constructivism is distinguished by originality and lightness, characteristic of the classical style. Unlike the cold cities of the USSR, the examples of constructivism in the capital are not harsh, but delight with their elegance.